1. Home
  2. Dental Services
  3. Orthodontics
  4. What Is Orthodontics? A Comprehensive Guide

What Is Orthodontics? A Comprehensive Guide

what is orthodontics preston

The vast discipline of orthodontics in dentistry is devoted to identifying, avoiding, and treating abnormalities of the teeth and face. It is essential for improving general well-being and oral health. It plays a viable role in enhancing both oral health and overall well-being. If you have been searching for a simplified answer to “What is orthodontics?” this article will delve into the key aspects of orthodontics, including the problems it can address, types of treatments available, signs indicating the need for orthodontic intervention, and what to expect during the treatment process.

Orthodontics Explained

The study of and treatment of misaligned teeth and jaws is the focus of the dental niche known as orthodontics. Its main objective is to properly align teeth, enhancing their beauty and function. To achieve this, orthodontic equipment, sometimes called braces, moves the teeth into the appropriate positions.

Problems Corrected By Orthodontic Treatments

Orthodontic treatments are designed to address diverse dental and facial irregularities, providing both cosmetic and functional improvements. Here are some common issues that orthodontics can effectively correct:

Orthodontics procedure preston

Crooked Teeth

Orthodontic interventions are particularly effective in straightening crooked teeth, enhancing the overall alignment of the dental arch.

Crowded Teeth

Crowded teeth occur when there isn’t enough space in the jaw for all the teeth to align properly. Orthodontic treatments work to create the necessary space and bring the teeth into their desired positions.

Misaligned Teeth

Teeth misalignment, where the upper and lower teeth do not meet correctly, can lead to bite problems and facial irregularities. Orthodontic therapies aim to align the teeth for optimal function and aesthetics.

Overlapping Teeth

Overlapping teeth can create challenges for maintaining proper oral hygiene. Orthodontic interventions can help reposition these teeth, making them easier to clean and lowering the risk of tooth decay.

Bite Problems

Malocclusions, or bite problems, can be corrected through orthodontic treatments. Orthodontics helps correctly align the upper and lower jaws, whether overbite, underbite, or crossbite.

Dental And Facial Irregularities

Orthodontic treatments improve the alignment of teeth and address broader dental and facial irregularities for a harmonious facial appearance.

Spaces between Teeth

Gaps or spaces between teeth are closed through orthodontic interventions, enhancing the smile’s aesthetic appeal and functionality.

Oral Health Issues

By achieving proper alignment, orthodontic treatments improve oral health, lowering the risk of gum disease, tooth decay, and other dental issues.

Recognising these problems early on and seeking orthodontic consultation can prevent potential complications and contribute to long-term oral well-being.

Types Of Orthodontic Therapy

The field of orthodontics has advanced greatly, providing a variety of treatments to meet a wide range of requirements and tastes. The following are some typical orthodontic treatment types:

Advantages of Orthodontics preston

Traditional Metal Braces

Probably the most well-known orthodontic treatment is traditional metal braces. They are made up of archwire-connected metal brackets affixed to the teeth. Despite their conspicuous appearance, they are highly effective in aligning teeth and correcting dental issues.

Clear Aligners

Clear aligners like Invisalign have gained popularity for their discreet nature. These custom-made, removable trays gradually shift the teeth into proper alignment. Clear aligners are preferred for those seeking a less visible orthodontic solution.

Ceramic Braces

Ceramic braces function similarly to metal braces but use tooth-coloured or clear brackets, making them less noticeable. This option combines the effectiveness of traditional braces with a more aesthetically pleasing appearance.

Lingual Braces

Lingual braces are attached to the tooth’s back (lingual) side, making them virtually invisible from the front. They are a discreet option for individuals who wish to straighten their teeth without visible braces.

Self-Ligating Braces

Self-ligating braces use brackets that don’t require elastic bands to hold the archwire. This reduces friction and allows for more comfortable tooth movement, often resulting in shorter treatment timelines.

Palatal Expanders

Palatal expanders are devices used to widen the upper front teeth. This particularly benefits individuals with a narrow upper jaw, improving the function and aesthetics of the upper teeth.


Retainers are often used after the primary orthodontic treatment to maintain the achieved alignment. They can be removable or fixed, ensuring the teeth stay in their desired positions.


In certain cases, orthodontic treatment may involve headgear to correct bite problems and guide facial and jaw growth.

TADs (Temporary Anchorage Devices)

TADs are small implants that provide additional support in orthodontic treatment, assisting in the movement of specific teeth.

Orthodontic Appliances

Orthodontic appliances, such as space maintainers and habit breakers, address specific issues, especially in younger patients.

Choosing the proper type of orthodontic treatment depends on factors such as the severity of the dental issues, aesthetic preferences, and lifestyle considerations. A consultation with an orthodontic professional will help determine the most suitable treatment plan for individual needs.

What To Expect When You Get Orthodontic Treatment

Embarking on an orthodontic journey is a significant step towards achieving a healthier, more aligned smile. Understanding what to expect during your orthodontic treatment can help individuals prepare for the transformative experience.

  • Initial Consultation: The very first step is to schedule an initial consultation with a dental professional. The dentist will thoroughly examine this appointment, which can involve taking pictures, imprints, and X-rays. They will discuss the individual’s dental history, concerns, and treatment goals.
  • Treatment Plan Discussion: The dentist will present a personalised treatment plan following the assessment. This plan outlines the recommended orthodontic procedures, the expected duration of treatment, and the types of appliances to be used. At this point, patients are urged to address any concerns and ask questions.
  • Fitting Of Orthodontic Appliances: Depending on the chosen treatment option, the fitting of orthodontic appliances occurs in subsequent appointments. This may involve attaching brackets, wires, or aligners to the teeth. The dentist will ensure a comfortable fit and provide instructions on care and maintenance.
  • Adjustment Visits: Regular adjustment visits are scheduled throughout the treatment period. These appointments involve modifications to the braces, wires, or aligners to facilitate the gradual movement of teeth. The frequency of adjustment visits varies based on the complexity of the case.
  • Discomfort And Oral Care: It’s common to experience discomfort, particularly after adjustments. Over-the-counter pain relievers and orthodontic wax can help alleviate any soreness or irritation. Maintaining good oral hygiene becomes crucial during treatment to prevent plaque buildup and tooth decay.
  • Dietary Considerations: Orthodontic patients may need dietary adjustments to protect their appliances. Avoiding sticky, hard, or overly sugary foods can prevent damage to braces or aligners. The dentist will provide a list of recommended and restricted foods.
  • Progress Monitoring: Regular progress assessments are conducted to track the movement of teeth and ensure that the treatment plan is on schedule. Adjustments to the plan may be made if necessary.
  • Retention Phase: The retention phase begins once the desired alignment is achieved. This involves the use of retainers, either removable or fixed, to maintain the newly aligned teeth. Commitment to wearing retainers as instructed is crucial for preventing relapse.
  • Treatment Duration: The duration of orthodontic treatment varies based on the case’s complexity, with some cases lasting several months to a few years. Patience and adherence to the dentist’s recommendations contribute to successful outcomes.
  • Lifestyle Considerations: Orthodontic treatment may require lifestyle adjustments, such as regular dental check-ups, compliance with oral care routines, and adherence to appointment schedules.

Understanding these aspects of orthodontic treatment empowers individuals to participate actively in their oral health journey. Collaboration between the patient and the orthodontic team is essential for achieving optimal results.

Frequently Asked Questions

Benefits of Orthodontics preston

What is the best age for orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontic treatment is effective at any age, but early intervention in children and teenagers can prevent more severe issues in adulthood.

Do orthodontic treatments hurt?

While there may be some discomfort, especially after adjustments, it is generally manageable with over-the-counter pain relievers.

Can I still play sports with braces?

Yes, but wearing a mouthguard to protect the braces and teeth during physical activities is advisable.

How do I clean my teeth with braces?

Dentists guide proper cleaning techniques and may recommend additional tools like interdental brushes or floss threaders.

Are there alternatives to traditional metal braces?

Yes, alternatives include clear aligners, ceramic braces, and lingual braces, each offering a more discreet appearance.

How long does orthodontic treatment take?

The duration varies but can range from several months to a few years, depending on the case’s complexity.

Is it normal for teeth to feel loose during treatment?

Yes, it’s normal, as teeth must loosen slightly to move into new positions.

Can orthodontic treatment improve facial appearance?

Yes, orthodontic treatment enhances oral health and promotes a more balanced and harmonious facial appearance.

What happens if I don’t get orthodontic treatment?

Untreated orthodontic issues can lead to oral health problems, including gum disease, tooth decay, and compromised facial aesthetics.

Getting Your Orthodontic Treatment

Orthodontics is pivotal in achieving a beautifully aligned smile and enhancing oral health and overall well-being.

Orthodontics is not just about straightening teeth; it’s about improving oral health, boosting confidence, and creating smiles that stand the test of time. A consultation with an orthodontic professional is the first step towards a healthier, more radiant smile.

Contact Chic Dental, Preston, VIC 3072, today at (03) 9116 5584 to choose from multiple orthodontic treatment options and straighten crooked teeth.


Brazier, Yvette. How Can Orthodontic Treatment Help? 24 May 2018, www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/249482.

Care, Bupa Dental. “What Are the Different Types of Orthodontic Treatment?” Bupa, 7 Aug. 2019, www.bupa.co.uk/dental/dental-care/news/types-of-orthodontic-treatment.

Colgate. “How to Brush Teeth With Braces.” Colgate, 24 Nov. 2020, www.colgate.com/en-us/oral-health/early-orthodontics/how-to-brush-teeth-with-braces.

Lin, Steven, DDS. “An Overview of Orthodontics.” Verywell Health, 2 Feb. 2022, www.verywellhealth.com/orthodontics-4014063.

Mfa, Rebecca Joy Stanborough. “How Are Braces Put On?” Healthline, 8 Feb. 2019, www.healthline.com/health/dental-and-oral-health/how-are-braces-put-on.

Our services

Chic Dental - Dentistry services for dental care

Opening Hours

Monday: 08:00 AM-06:00 PM
Tuesday: 08:00 AM-06:00 PM
Wednesday: 09:00 AM-08:00 PM
Thursday: 08:00 AM-06:00 PM
Friday: 09:00 AM-05:00 PM
Saturday: 08:00 AM-02:00 PM